Site: Yukon CALM-Code: C22
Timezone: UTC/GMT -07:00 hours
Vegetation Type: Forest Tundra
Responsible Person: Leah M. Anderson
Offset: 5 m
DESCRIPTION OF AREA CONTAINING SITE:
Dawson City lies at the western end of the Tintina Fault, in the Yukon Territory off Hwy 2. The Dawson grid site is located at a pull-off on the south side of the road, approx 30km outside of Dawson City. The 50m2 grid is about 50m into the trees in a cleared area. An open field of grass tussocks, scattered small black spruce, scrub birch and Labrador tea characterize the vegetation. The 50mx50m grid, established in 2009, is marked with survey stakes at 10m intervals. The grid center (N63.94, W138.59) contains continuous soil temperature & soil moisture sensors at ‘above permafrost’ & ‘just below surface’ levels. An air temperature sensor also records on a 30 min continuous cycle. The grid was established in 2009 through a cooperative agreement with Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council & the U.S. Geological Survey.
SAMPLING DESIGN AND METHOD:
The specific location of the Dawson site was selected using Traditional Ecological Knowledge of permafrost distribution and depth, followed by on-site ground truthing.
The grid consisted of 50 survey stakes at 10-meter intervals, creating a 50mx50m square grid with a maximum of 100 data points. Active Layer measurements were taken manually every 5m. The measurements were taken at the lowest surface level within about 0.3m of the designated point, to minimize the questionable influence of tussocks on the AL measurement. The "surface level" was determined to be the top of the low-lying vegetation (i.e. moss, lichen, low-bush berries).
[CALM protocol suggests a grid size of 100mx100m, however a 50m2 grid was deemed acceptable due to difficult terrain and length of time for installation (personal communication Dr. V.Romanovsky).]
HOBO micro station was established in early September 2009 and is located at grid center. The station monitors soil temperature & soil moisture. A ~30cm2 hole was dug down to the permafrost layer approx 35cm. One set of soil moisture and soil temperature sensors were placed just above the permafrost layer (35cm) and one set just below surface level. Soil samples were cut from each level (2x2in cubes) to be analyzed for soil moisture content.
HOBO pro v2 temp/ext temp sensor was installed, recording air temperature, near the grid center about one meter off the ground surface. The Hobo data logger is set to store data on 30min intervals for up to 428 days.
GPS points were taken at the four corners of the grid, as well as the center point where the sensors were located. Site elevation is 468m, recorded at grid center.