Site: Yukon CALM-Code: C24
Timezone: UTC/GMT -07:00 hours
Vegetation Type: Forest Tundra
Responsible Person: Leah M. Mackey
Offset: 5 m
DESCRIPTION OF AREA CONTAINING SITE:
Beaver Creek is a community in Yukon, Canada. Located at Kilometer 1,934 (historical mile 1,202) of the Alaska Highway, close to the Alaska-Yukon border, it is Canada's westernmost community. The ALN grid site is located 10km South of Beaver Creek on the West side of the road. The site is co-located with a road permafrost study (WHO?).The area is underlain with large tussocks and thick grass/moss/lichen mats, sparse black spruce and berries are also in the area.
The 50mx50m grid, established in 2010, is marked with survey stakes along the *** and*** sides in 5-meter intervals. The grid center (N62.34, W140.84) contains continuous soil temperature & soil moisture sensors at “above permafrost” & “just below” surface levels. An air temperature sensor is installed on a spruce tree near grid center. All sensors collect and store data on a 30-minute continuous cycle. The grid was established in 2010 in the second year of a cooperative agreement with the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council and the U.S. Geological Survey.
SAMPLING DESIGN AND METHOD:
The Beaver Creek site was chosen to increase the range of distribution of Active Layer Network sites.
The grid consists of 2 parallel lines of 10 survey stakes at 5-meter intervals, creating a 50m x 50m square grid with a maximum of 100 data points. A compass was used to orientate the grid to a square. Active Layer measurements were taken manually every 5m and recorded on a field sheet. The measurements were taken at the lowest surface level within about 0.3m of the designated point, to minimize the questionable influence of tussocks on the AL measurement. The "surface level" was determined to be the top of the low-lying vegetation (i.e. moss, lichen, low-bush berries). Thaw measurements greater than 1.3m were noted, but not used in calculations, as of 2009.
[CALM protocol suggests a grid size of 100m x 100m, however a 50 sq. m grid was deemed acceptable due to difficult terrain and length of time for installation (personal communication Dr. V.Romanovsky).]
The soil climate station was established in early September 2010 and is located near grid center. The station monitors air temperature, soil temperature & soil moisture.
HOBO micro station was installed at the grid center. A ~30cm hole was dug down to the permafrost layer at 36cm. One set of soil moisture and soil temperature sensors were placed just above the permafrost layer and one set just below surface level. Soil samples were cut from 36cm and 10cm (cubes) to be analyzed for soil moisture content.
HOBO pro v2 temp/ext temp sensor was installed, recording air temperature, near the grid center about one meter off the ground surface. The Hobo data logger is set to store data on 30min intervals for up to 428 days.
GPS points were taken at the four corners of the grid, as well as the center point where the sensors were located. Site elevation is 695m, recorded at grid center.