Ayach-Yakha

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General Information

Created: 2014-01-02 11:30:32
Modified: 2015-11-09 14:50:58

Active: Yes
Country:Russia
Site:Vorkuta
CALM-Code:R2
Responsible Countries: Russia,
Timezone:UTC/GMT +04:00 hours
Vegetation Type:Shrub Tundra
Responsible Person:Dmitry Kaverin
Type:Grid
Nodes:88
Rows:8
Columns:11
Offset:10 m

SITE DESCRIPTION

The Ayach-Yakha CALM site (67 35.40N; 64 09.90E) is located near the town of Vorkuta, 400 km to the east of Bolvansky grid. MAAT at the Vorkuta weather station is 5.9 C and precipitation is 550 mm (1948–2002).  The Ayach-Yakha grid is located 13 km northeast of the town of Vorkuta on an undulating plain covered with silty loam of glacial-marine origin. The grid occupies a gentle (3 deg.) southwest-facing slope with a creek flowing within 20 m of its lower border. The range of elevations within the site is 5 m. Schist bedrock is exposed in the creek valley. At the two lowest tiers of the grid the loamy deposit is about 120–150 cm thick over the bedrock. Dwarf shrub/feather moss tundra with numerous frost boils occupies the site. Some dwarf birch and willow thickets are up to 50 cm high. Soil organic layer thickness ranges from 0 to 25 cm, with a site average of 12 cm. Soils are gleyed and thixotropic, with cryoturbation best developed under and around frost boils. The soils are classified as Turbi-Histic (Gleyic) and Gleyi-Turbic Cryosols (Mazhitova et al., 2004).

SAMPLING DESIGN AND METHOD:

1-ha grid consists of a square array of surveyed permanent stakes separated by 10 m, yielding an 11 × 11 array of sampling nodes on each grid. Thaw depth sampling was conducted four times by manual probing at each stake. The four values for each sampling point are averaged, yielding a maximum of 121 data points per grid per probing date. Snow depths are measured at each grid node annually in April. Volumetric water content in the surface soil horizon is determined for each grid node annually at the end of the warm season. Water content is determined several times during the season by portable Vitel Hydra® probe. Air temperatures at a height of 2 m, as well as soil and upper-permafrost temperatures are recorded with the use of miniature Onset data loggers. Ground subsidence and/or heave are determined at Ayach-Yakha for each grid node annually at the beginning and at the end of the warm season with the use of a 2H-10KL leveling instrument (Russia) providing for 4 mm accuracy.

 

Slope:1 °
Aspect:172
Permafrost Zone:Continuous
Vegetation:Mesic dwarf shrub-moss tundra with frost boils
Landform:Shallow, glacial marine deposit over bedrock, dissected by streams
Lithology:Turbi-Histic (Gleyic), Gleyi-Turbic Cryosols (loamy)
Description:General description of soil moisture: Moist
Access Timeseries
Bibliographic References
Mazhitova G., Malkova (Ananjeva) G., Chestnykh O., Zamolodchikov D. 2004. Active-layer spatial and temporal variability at European Russian Circumpolar-Active-Layer-Monitoring (CALM) sites. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes,15. P. 123139.
Mazhitova, G.G. Kaverin, D.A. 2007. Thaw depth dynamics and soil surface subsidence at a Circumpolar active layer monitoring (CALM) site, the European north of Russia. Kriosfera Zemli XI(4): 20-30.
Mazhitova, G.G. et al. 2008. Recent Decade Thaw-Depth Dynamics in the European Russian Arctic, Based on the Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) Data. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Permafrost, Fairbanks, Alaska, Vol. 2, 1155-1160

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Map

Longitude:64.183 °
Latitude:67.583 °
Elevation:150.877518 m
EPSG:4326
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