Hornsund - Isbjornhamna

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General Information

Created: 2014-03-04 15:36:06
Modified: 2014-03-04 15:37:53

Active: No
Country:Svalbard
Site:Svalbard
Responsible Countries: Poland,
Timezone:UTC/GMT +01:00 hours
Vegetation Type:Tundra
Responsible Person:Krzysztof Migala

Long-term  measurements in Hornsund (meteorology, glaciology, active layer, environmental chemistry) implemented from seasonal measurements and other observations (geomorphology, biology) create a important database which entitle for synthetic recapitulations in the context of global changes.

 

Permafrost present but thickness not known.

 

Year or 12 month interval for mean reported above beginning of August 2005

 

AIR TEMPERATURE AND SNOW COVER THICKNESS/DENSITY MEASUREMENTS AT THE BOREHOLE SITE (indicate frequency of observations):

Air temperature: Yes [ X] No []    Snow thickness: Yes[X ] No[]   Density: Yes [X ] No[]

 

NAME AND LOCATION OF CLOSEST CLIMATE STATION (latitude, longitude, and distance from borehole, km) – provide (if available) mean monthly air temperature and snow depth of reporting interval for mean annual ground temperature

POLISH POLAR STATION IN HORNSUND  (77° 00' N, 15° 33' E), place of planned borehole, complete meteorological service  

Depth:30 m
Drilling Angle:90 °
Diameter:10 cm
Deepest Sensor:30 m
Drilling Method:Air, Hammer: Modular Drilling RIB “ Voyager”
Date Drilled:01. Jan 2005
Type:Ship, boat, snowmobile, and helicopter, no roads
Aspect:93.6 °
Permafrost Zone:Continuous
Vegetation:50-60 per cent of surface covered by mosses and lichens.
Landform:Late Holocene rised marine terrace
Lithology:Bedrock consist of metamorphic schist and paragneisses (Heckla – Hoek formation). The profile of the active layer of permafrost, unfrozen during summertime down to 1.7 m (from 1,4 to 2,0 m)
Morphology:Plain
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Bibliographic References
Migała K., Głowacki P., Klementowski J., 2004, Dynamika rozmarzania warstwy aktywnej zmarzliny w rejonie Hornsundu (SW Spitsbergen) i jej przyczyny (Thaw dynamics of the active layer of permafrost in the Hornsund area - SW Spitsbergen and its circumstances) , Polish Polar Studies, 30th International Polar Symposium, Gdynia: 251-262.
Migała K, Sobik M., 1984, Deflation and nival-eolian phenomena observed under conditions of congelation in the forefield of the Werenskiold Glacier, SW Spitsbergen, Zeitschrift fur Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, Insbruck, Band 20, 197-206
Chmal H., Klementowski J., Migała K., 1988, Thermal currents of active layer in Hornsund Area. V International Conference on permafrost, August 2-5 1988, v.1, Trondhaim, Norway, 44-49
Migała K.,(1993, Role of climate on the active layer variations, Svalbard, Permafrost VI Conf., July 5-9, Benjing, China, Proceedings vol. 1, (ed) South China Univ. of Technology Press; p. 919 922
Migała K., (1990). Active layer of permafrost in the light of Hornsund climatic conditions, SW Spitsbergen, Spitsbergen geographical Expeditions of UMCS, Lublin, 215-225

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Gallery
Map

Longitude:15.55 °
Latitude:77 °
Elevation:0 m
EPSG:4326
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