General Information

Created: 2014-01-13 10:40:30
Modified: 2014-02-28 10:52:06

Active: No
Responsible Countries: Kazakhstan, United States,
Timezone:UTC/GMT +05:00 hours
Vegetation Type:No Vegetation
Responsible Person:Sergey Marchenko

Summary of temperature measurements/statistics of borehole and data from next climate station in tables in GTN-P file. 

MAGT  (C) -0.2
MAGT Depth     (m) 20.0
MAGT Date/ Period 2008

MEAN ANNUAL GROUND TEMPERATURE AT OR NEAR DEPTH OF ZERO ANNUAL AMPLITUDE (°C) – report  value for most recent year or 12 month interval

in table

Depth of zero annual amplitude (or depth of measurement reported above)  (m) About 18-20 m

Year or 12 month interval for mean reported above See table

Range (if applicable) of mean annual ground temperature over observation period (°C)

See table


NAME AND LOCATION OF CLOSEST CLIMATE STATION (latitude, longitude, and distance from borehole, km) – provide (if available) mean monthly air temperature and snow depth of reporting interval for mean annual ground temperature

Big Almatian Lake (Bolshoe Almatinskoe Ozero), 43 04'N, 76 59'E, 2506 m a.s.l. and 8 km beyond the K0 site by road

Data for period 1932-2000: see table.

Depth:25 m
Drilling Angle:90 °
Diameter:7.6 cm
Drilling Method:core drilling
Date Drilled:01. Jan 1973
Type:38 km beyond Almaty city, last 16 km earth road (4-wheel drive vehicle)
Distance From Road:0 m
Type:laboratory building, not heated
Distance From Heat:10 m
Other Disturbance:residential construction, heated
Distance From Heat:20 m
Permafrost Thickness:>20 m
Permafrost Zone:Discontinuous
Vegetation:Site has no vegetation, but surrounding territory can be classified as tundra
Landform:Upper Pleistocene and Holocene morainic complex
Lithology:During deep excavations (up to 10 m) near the K0 site massive cryostructures, were present deeper than 4.0-5.0 m. The largest ice bodies reached 15-20 cm in size. Iciness of permafrost varies from 5 to 40%. Above 4.0-4.5 m, the grounds has a red-brown color with obvious ferrate traces. Predominant: gravel, fragments of stones and sand without soil layer.
Morphology:Site is located near the mountain pass Zhusalykezen
Access Timeseries
Bibliographic References
Gorbunov, A. P., Marchenko, S. S. and Seversky, E. V. 2000. Permafrost and seasonally frozen ground response to climate change in the Northern Tien Shan. J. Earth Cryosphere. 4(1): 11-17. (In Russian with English abstract).
Gorbunov, A. P. and Nemov, A. E. 1978. Temperature investigation of loose rock masses in the high mountains Tien Shan. Cryogenic Phenomena in Highmountain. Novosibirsk, “Nauka”, 92-99. (In Russian).
Marchenko, S. S. 1999. Permafrost-climatic conditio ns in the Northern Tien Shan: recent and expected for the 21th century changes. J. Earth Cryosphere. 3(2): 13-21. (In Russian with English abstract).
Marchenko, S. S. 2002. Results of monitoring of active layer in the Northern Tien Shan mountains. J.Earth Cryosphere. 4(3): 25-34. (in Russian with English abstract).
Marchenko, S. S. 2003. Permafrost of the Northern Tien Shan: past, present and future. Yakutsk. (In Russian).
Gorbunov, A. P., Seversky, E. V. and Titkov, S. N. 1996. Geocryological conditions of Tien Shan and Pamir. Yakutsk. (In Russian).

Do we have wrong or old data? Let us know via Email


Longitude:76.94420833 °
Latitude:43.04334722 °
Elevation:3335.63037109 m
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