General Information

Created: 2014-01-22 09:14:48
Modified: 2019-10-31 14:32:24

Active: No
Responsible Countries: Switzerland,
Timezone:UTC/GMT +01:00 hours
Vegetation Type:No Vegetation
Responsible Person:Jeannette Noetzli

There is plenty of additional information of the Murtèl rock glacier:

Deformation of the borehole 1987 – 1994 (S. Wagner, M. Hoelle, D. Vonder Mühll)

Geophysical surveys: Refraction seismics, DC resistivity sounding, DC resistivity mapping, DC resistivity tomography, ground penetrating radar (GPR), gravimetry, EM-31, BTS (D. Vonder Mühll)

Photogrammetry (A. Kääb)

Rock wall investigation (N. Matsuoka)

In spring 2000, there will be two additional borehole drilled, some 20 and 40m upwards. Main goal is to take frozen cores. However, deformation (qualitatively) and temperature will be determined as well as hydraulic tracer experiments will be conducted. (D. Vonder Mühll, S. Springman)


MAGT (C) -1,4
MAGT_DEPTH (m) 23,6
MAGT_DATE 01.10.2007–30.09.2008


Depth of zero annual amplitude (or depth of measurement reported above)


Year or 12 month interval for mean reported above


Range (if applicable) of mean annual ground temperature over observation period (°C)

-1.40 < T(20.6m) < -1.85



Air temperature: Yes [daily] No [ ]    Snow thickness: Yes[ ] No[X]   Density: Yes [ ] No[X]

There is a snow observation station some 500m away:

Murtel station: snow data (Swiss Federal institute for avalanche researche, Davos)

latitude:   46°26' N

longitude:   9°49.5' E

elevation:   2700 m asl



NAME AND LOCATION OF CLOSEST CLIMATE STATION (latitude, longitude, and distance from borehole, km)  – provide (if available) mean monthly air temperature and snow depth of reporting interval for mean annual ground temperature

Corvatsch summit station: meteo data (Swiss meteorological institute)

latitude:   46°26' N

longitude:   9°49.5' E

elevation:   3300 m asl

(no ground temperature available)

Depth:62 m
Drilling Angle:0 °
Diameter:5.9 cm
Deepest Sensor:57.95 m
Drilling Method:17 days (0.0-39.1m: 12-20 May 1987, 39.1-62.5m: 10-26 Jun 1987, Installed down to a depth of 58m).
Date Drilled:01. Jan 1987
Type:Cable car and 10 min walk
Distance From Road:5000 m
Type:intrapermafrost talik at a depth of 52-56 m (Vonder Mühll, 1992)
Slope:15 °
Aspect:315 °
Permafrost Thickness:> 58 m
Permafrost Zone:Mountain
Landform:rock glacier, talus slope
Lithology:Gneiss, granodiorite, coarse blocks, ice content up to 100%
Morphology:Ridge of a rock glacier
Access Timeseries
Bibliographic References
Haeberli, W. (Ed.) (1990): Pilot analysis of permafrost cores from the active rock glacier MurtèlI, Piz Corvatsch, Eastern Swiss Alps. Arbeitsheft der VAW/ETH Zürich, 9. 38.
Vonder Mühll, D. and Haeberli, W. (1990): Thermal characteristics of the permafrost within an active rock glacier (Murtèl/Corvatsch, Grisons, Swiss Alps). Journal of Glaciology, 36 (123). 151-158.
Haeberli, W., Huder, J., Keusen, H.-R., Pika, J. and Röthlisberger, H. (1988a): Co‑re drilling through rock glacier-permafrost. Fifth International Confe‑rence on Permafrost, Trondheim N. Proceedings, 2. 937-942.
Vonder Mühll, D. (1992): Evidence of intrapermafrost groundwater flow beneath an active rock glacier in the Swiss Alps. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes. 3 (2). 169‑173.
Hoelzle, M. (1992): Permafrost occurance from BTS measurements and climatic para‑meters in the Eastern Swiss Alps. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 3 (2). 143-147.
Vonder Mühll, D. (1993): Geophysikalische Untersuchungen im Permafrost des Oberengadins. Mitteilung der VAW-ETH Zürich, 122. 222.
Haeberli, W., Hoelzle, M., Keller, F., Schmid, W., Vonder Mühll, D. and Wagner, S. (1993): Monitoring the long-term evolution of mountain permafrost in the Swiss Alps. Sixth International Con‑ference on Permafrost, Beijing, Proceedings 1, 214-219.
Keller, F. and Gubler, H.U. (1993): Interaction between snow cover and high moun‑tain permafrost, Murtèl-Corvatsch, Swiss Alps. Sixth International Con‑ference on Permafrost, Beijing. Proceedings.
Vonder Mühll, D. and Klingelé, E. (1994): Gravimetrical investigation of ice rich permafrost within the rock glacier Murtèl-Corvatsch. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 5(1). 13-24.
Hoelzle, M. (1994): Permafrost und Gletscher im Oberengadin. Grundlagen und Anwendungsbeispiele für automatisierte Schätzverfahren. Mitteilung der VAW-ETH Zürich, 132. 121.
Keller, F. (1994): Interaktion zwischen Schnee und Permafrost. Eine Grundlagenstudie im Oberengadin. Mitteilung der VAW-ETH Zürich, 127. 145.
Vonder Mühll, D., Stucki, Th. und Haeberli, W. (1998): Borehole temperatures in Alpine permafrost: A ten year series. Seventh International Conference on Permafrost, 1998, Yellowknife, Canada. Proceedings. 1089-1095.
Kääb A., Gudmundsson G.H. and Hoelzle M. (1998): Surface Deformation of Creeping Mountain Permafrost.Photogrammetric Investigations on Rock Glacier Murtèl, Swiss Alps. Proceedings the 7th International Conference on Permafrost, 531-537.
Kääb A. (1998): Oberflächenkinematik ausgewählter Blockgletscher des Oberengadins. In: Beiträge aus der Gebirgs-Geomorphologie. Jahrestagung 1997 der Schweizerischen Geomorphologischen Gesellschaft. Mitteilungen der Versuchsanstalt für Wasserbau, Hydrologie und Glaziologie (VAW) der ETH Zürich. 158, 121-140.
Hoelzle, M., Wegmann, M. and Krummenacher, B. (1999): Mini Temperature Dataloggers for Mapping and Monitoring of Permafrost in High Mountain Areas: first Expereince from the Swiss Alps. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 10, 113-124.<113::aid-ppp317>;2-a
Haeberli, W., Kääb, A., Wagner, S., Geissler, P., Haas, J.N., Glatzel-Mattheier, H., Wagenbach, D. and Vonder Mühll, D. (1999): Pollen analysis and 14C-age of moss remains recovered from a permafrost core of the active rock glacier Murtèl/Corvatsch (Swiss Alps): geomorphological and glaciological implications. Journal of Glaciology, 45 (149). 1-8.
Haeberli, W., Hoelzle, M., Kääb, A., Keller, F., Vonder Mühll, D. and Wagner, S. (1998): Ten years after drilling through the permafrost of the active rock glacier Murtèl, Eastern Swiss Alps: answered questions and new perspectives. Seventh International Conference on Permafrost, 1998, Yellowknife, Canada. Proceedings. 403-410.
Hoelzle, M., Wagner S., Kääb, A. and Vonder Mühll, D. (1998): Surface movement and internal deformation of ice-rock mixtures within rock glaciers at Pontresina-Schafberg, Upper Engadin, Switzerland. Seventh International Conference on Permafrost, 1998, Yellowknife, Canada. Proceedings. 465-471.
Mittaz, C., Hoelzle, M. and Haeberli, W. (in press): First results and interpretation of energy flux measurements over Alpine permafrost. Annals of Glaciology, 31.
Vonder Mühll, D., Hauck, Chr. and Lehmann, F.(in press): Verification of geophysical models in Alpine permafrost by borehole information. Annals of Glaciology, 31.
Vonder Mühll, D. and Holub, P. (1992): Borehole logging in Alpine permafrost, Upper Engadin, Swiss Alps. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 3 (2). 125-132.

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Longitude:9.821836 °
Latitude:46.42879 °
Elevation:2670.2 m
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